|Affiliation||State Military; Amestris|
State Alchemist (国家錬金術師, Kokka Renkinjutsushi; ; ; ) is an alchemist employed by the Amestrian State Military as part of an elite government mandated program. A State Alchemist is identifiable by a pocket watch that the alchemist carries with them.
To become and stay a State Alchemist, the applicant must demonstrate his/her abilities in front of several military officials, including Fuhrer King Bradley, and pass a written exam and psychological evaluation. If the applicant scores high enough, then he/she will be admitted into the program, and the Fuhrer will bequeath a title to the Alchemist based on his abilities. 
On top of the natural limitations of an alchemist, a State Alchemist must adhere to the following or be removed from the program:
- Obey the military
- Do not transmute items into gold
- Do not transmute people
In addition to the rules stated above, each State Alchemist must submit a report of their research and activity to the Fuhrer annually for evaluation, and a missed evaluation could lead to removing the title.
- Edward Elric broke two of the rules to remain a State Alchemist by trying to create life, and turning coal into gold, though both instances were covered up.
- Edward pointed out a flaw in the power demonstration system: the Fuhrer left himself in a position to be easily assassinated.